Fluency Timed Reading
Assess reading fluency with two types of assessments. The first type of fluency assessment is a one-minute timed reading of a passage to measure the number and accuracy of words read. There are fluency passages at various levels of text complexity. The second type has a student perform a timed reading of a series of sentences and then answer true/false statements about the sentences to show comprehension. There are three of these assessments, each with more difficult sentences than the preceding one. View our Fluency Standards Table for additional information about recommended reading rates.
Timed Reading Procedures
You will need:
- Two copies of the assessment passageone for the student and one for the instructor
- Stopwatch or clock
- Clipboard (so students will not see what you are writing)
Administer a one-minute reading, starting the stopwatch when the student begins the first word of the passage (the student will not read titles). Tell the student that if she or he has trouble (struggling for more than 3 to 5 seconds), you will say the word so she or he can keep reading. After one minute, say "Stop," stop the stopwatch, and circle the last word read.
During the reading, resist the urge to correct mistakes. Mistakes and self-correction will be accounted for in the score. If the student has extreme difficulty, stop the test. Reassure the student that she or he will redo the assessment after further reading practice. You should select a lower level passage for the next assessment.
Follow along on your copy word by word with your pencil. Make a slash ( / ) through any words the student misses or cannot read without help. Mark a dash above words skipped. Errors include:
- Skipped words
- Mispronounced words
- Word substitutions, including incorrect forms of the word
- Words in the wrong order; both or all words are counted as wrong
- Struggling that lasts for 3 to 5 seconds, or more
The following are not considered misses:
- Added words
- Varying pronunciation due to accent, dialect, or speech impediment
- Repetitions in which the wording is correct
- Self-correcting a mistake; the word is scored as correct.
Timed Reading Scoring
- Write the student's goal rate in the box provided.
- Count the total words the student reads in one minute using the words-per-line totals listed in the margin. This is the student's words-per-minute (WPM) rate. Write this in the chart at the bottom, along with the date of the reading.
- Count the number of errors (slashes). Record the number in the "Errors" line for the read.
- Subtract the number of errors from the total number of words read to find the words correct per minute (WCPM).
- Divide the words correct per minute (WCPM) by the words per minute (WPM) and multiply this result by 100. This is the student's Accuracy/Reading Rate percentage.
- Record this number in the box.
After about four to six readings, students should reach the target words correct-per-minute (WCPM) standard for their grade level with an Accuracy/Reading Rate of 90 to 95 percent.
|Words Per Minute (WPM): 60
|Words Correct Per Minute (WCPM):
60 6 = 54
|Accuracy/Reading Rate percentage:
54/60 = 0.9
0.9 x 100 = 90%
Reading Sentence Procedures
The Reading Sentences forms are used as an additional comprehension check to ensure that students attend to both speed and meaning.
- Select the form that is the best fit for the student's reading level.
- Follow the Timed Reading Procedures when administering the assessment.
- To score this assessment, divide the total number of sentences answered correctly by the total number of sentences read. Multiply by 100 to get a percentage.
The target score is 80% or more of sentences with a correct true or false answer.
As the Reading Sentences forms are an assessment of the student's comprehension of sentences in a timed reading environment, and the student is required to answer the questions, there is no target words-per-minute standard.
Fluency Assessment Passages
Kim's FlowersFiction, Lexile 220L
MountainsNonfiction, Lexile 280L
The Perfect PuppyFiction, Lexile 290L
BeesNonfiction, Lexile 340L
Larry's Big FeetFiction, Lexile 320L
RiversNonfiction, Lexile 410L
CrunchFiction, Lexile 330L
Farm AnimalsNonfiction, Lexile 460L
Bye, BuddyFiction, Lexile 310L
KickballNonfiction, Lexile 570L
The Clumsy BeesFiction, Lexile 680L
ChipmunksNonfiction, Lexile 500L
Jumping InFiction, Lexile 530L
Pet RatsNonfiction, Lexile 550L
The Great Candy CaperFiction, Lexile 490L
The SunNonfiction, Lexile 590L
Malcolm the SalamanderFiction, Lexile 610L
Beetles and BugsNonfiction, Lexile 580L
The Old Jungle GymFiction, Lexile 650L
Steam EnginesNonfiction, Lexile 700L
The Haunted HouseFiction, Lexile 570L
SkateboardingNonfiction, Lexile 680L
The SwitchFiction, Lexile 890L
SilkwormsNonfiction, Lexile 620L
The Shopping Cart MysteryFiction, Lexile 850L
The TitanicNonfiction, Lexile 800L
SurfingFiction, Lexile 890L
The First AirplaneNonfiction, Lexile 940L
Three-Point ShotFiction, Lexile 780L
Crazy HorseNonfiction, Lexile 920L
Popcorn and Cotton CandyFiction, Lexile 930L
Polar BearsNonfiction, Lexile 950L
Emma's TreeFiction, Lexile 640L
Space JunkNonfiction, Lexile 1060L
Letitia and the Best BikeFiction, Lexile 620L
VikingsNonfiction, Lexile 1020L
The Record-BreakerFiction, Lexile 560L
AntarcticaNonfiction, Lexile 920L
The StatueFiction, Lexile 870L
Masterpieces from MirrorsNonfiction, Lexile 920L
Every Little PartFiction, Lexile 860L
ExoplanetsNonfiction, Lexile 1000L