Improve reading speed and accuracy with repeated readings of Fluency Practice Passages. Students orally read
passages designed for one-minute readings several times with appropriate expression and smoothness to
increase reading rate, resulting in improved focus on comprehension. View our Fluency Standards Table for additional information
about recommended reading rates.
Fluency is a key foundational skill that helps students read complex text with greater
understanding. When students read with accuracy and expression at an appropriate reading rate,
their fluency supports their comprehension. Repeated reading practice with short passages
improves word recognition and automaticity.
Passages are provided from Levels F to Z and are original fiction or nonfiction text that can be used
for one-on-one reading, independent timed reading, or partner timed reading.
You will need:
Administer a one-minute reading, starting the stopwatch when the student begins the first word of the passage
(the student will not read titles). Tell the student that if she or he has trouble (struggling for more than 3 to 5 seconds),
you will say the word so she or he can keep reading. After one minute, say "Stop," stop the stopwatch, and circle
the last word read.
During the reading, resist the urge to correct mistakes. Mistakes and self-correction will be accounted for in the score.
If the student has extreme difficulty, stop the test. Reassure the student that she or he will redo the assessment after
further reading practice. You should select a lower level passage for the next assessment.
Follow along on your copy word by word with your pencil. Make a slash ( / ) through any words the student misses or
cannot read without help. Mark a dash above words skipped. Errors include:
The following are not considered misses:
After about four to six readings, students should reach the target words correct-per-minute (WCPM) standard for their grade
level with an Accuracy/Reading Rate of 90 to 95 percent.
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