Fluency & Comprehension Packs
Each multi-session fluency & comprehension pack provides materials and instruction for five sessions. Students are presented with a leveled fluency passage that covers some of the same vocabulary and content as the companion leveled book. After reading the fluency passage, the student, with the tutor, reads a portion of the leveled reader each day to build comprehension. The fifth, and last, session includes a final fluency read and a comprehension assessment.
Why Use Fluency & Comprehension Packs
Typically, students go through specific stages of development as they progress from nonreaders to fluent readers. Developmentally appropriate materials are critical at every stage of learning to ensure reading success.
In leveled reading, books are written to various levels of difficulty, gradually introducing readers to new challenges. The goal is to challenge students, without causing frustration, by giving them developmentally appropriate materials to read – materials they can read with 80 to 94 percent accuracy.
How to Use Fluency & Comprehension Packs
Use these tutor handouts for instructional tips on teaching fluency and comprehension.
- Print, assemble, and train the tutors on the use of each pack.
- Instructions contained in each pack have been specifically written for tutors from varying backgrounds and with varying experience working with students.
- Estimated time allotments are provided for each lesson step; tutors should follow the lesson sequence as outlined in each lesson plan.
- Specific resources used for each step are identified next to the instructions.
Mother's DayStory Elements For book Mother's Day
Weird White House PetsMain Idea and Details For book Weird White House Pets
Our Class FlagAuthor's Purpose For book Our Class Flag
Jobs for JamesMain Idea and Details For book Jobs for James
Best of FriendsCause and Effect For book Best of Friends
Whose Eggs Are These?Main Idea and Details For book Whose Eggs Are These?
Animal EyesCompare and Contrast For book Animal Eyes
Maria Joins the TeamAnalyze Character For book Maria Joins the Team
The Camel and the PigStory Elements For book The Camel and the Pig
Loose ToothStory Elements For book Loose Tooth
New Rule!Make Inferences / Draw Conclusions For book New Rule!
Maria's ThanksgivingSequence Events For book Maria's Thanksgiving
Math Text Mix-UpCompare and Contrast For book Math Test Mix-Up
Brother Messy, Brother NeatProblem and Solution For book Brother Messy, Brother Neat
Moose on the MoveCompare and Contrast For book Moose on the Move
PIZZA!Compare and Contrast For book PIZZA!
Mike's Good Bad DayCause and Effect For book Mike's Good Bad Day
Discovering DinosaursMain Idea and Details For book Discovering Dinosaurs
Lincoln Loved to LearnStory Elements For book Lincoln Loved to Learn
We Make Maple SyrupSequence Events For book We Make Maple Syrup
A Pocket Park for TinyProblem and Solution For book A Pocket Park for Tiny
Can You Say Pterodactyl?Cause and Effect For book Can You Say Pterodactyl?
Darby's Birthday PartyCause and Effect For book Darby's Birthday Party
Ocean AnimalsCompare and Contrast For book Ocean Animals
The Ship of ShapesCause and Effect For book The Ship of Shapes
Monkey and CrocodileStory Elements For book Monkey and Crocodile
How Zebras Got Their StripesCause and Effect For book How Zebras Got Their Stripes
Hugs for DaddyProblem and Solution For book Hugs for Daddy
Leap! A Salmon's StorySequence Events For book Leap! A Salmon's Story
The Squire's BrideStory Elements For book The Squire's Bride
Carlos's Family CelebrationSequence Events For book Carlos's Family Celebration
Arthur's Bad News DaySequence Events For book Arthur's Bad-News Day
Marcus Loses PatchesProblem and Solution For book Marcus Loses Patches
Can I Vote?Author's Purpose For book Can I Vote?
Colleen and the LeprechaunMake Predictions For book Colleen and the Leprechaun
Luna Has Nothing to WearStory Elements For book Luna Has Nothing to Wear
The Fishing DerbyAnalyze Character For book The Fishing Derby
Persephone: A Greek MythCompare and Contrast For book Persephone: A Greek Myth
Awesome AntsMain Idea and Details For book Awesome Ants
Critter CrossingsProblem and Solution For book Critter Crossings
Three Little Pigs: The Wolf's StoryCompare and Contrast For book Three Little Pigs: The Wolf's Story
Troika: Canine SuperheroSummarize For book Troika: Canine Superhero
Off to Join the CircusMain Idea and Details For book Off to Join the Circus
Annie OakleyAuthor's Purpose For book Annie Oakley
Looking for BigfootFact or Opinion For book Looking for Bigfoot
Little Red's Secret SauceProblem and Solution For book Little Red's Secret Sauce
MaxProblem and Solution For book Max
Landon's PumpkinsSequence Events For book Landon's Pumpkins
Dictionary DaveProblem and Solution For book Dictionary Dave
World Cup SoccerMain Idea and Details For book World Cup Soccer
Rockin' Rhythm and Sweet HarmonyProblem and Solution For book Rockin' Rhythm and Sweet Harmony
CastlesSummarize For book Castles
Landfills: What a Load of GarbageSequence Events For book Landfills: What a Load of Garbage!
The New Soccer BallCompare and Contrast For book The New Soccer Ball
My Earth Day BirthdayCause and Effect For book My Earth Day Birthday
Sinkhole ScienceCompare and Contrast For book Sinkhole Science
Foods Around the WorldMake Predictions For book Foods Around the World
The ThesaurusAnalyze Character For book The Thesaurus
SkydivingSummarize For book Skydiving
Exploring Tide PoolsMain Idea and Details For book Exploring Tide Pools
Glow-in-the-Dark AnimalsCompare and Contrast For book Glow-in-the-Dark Animals
Morty's Roadside RefreshmentsProblem and Solution For book Morty's Roadside Refreshments
The International T-Shirt ChallengeSummarize For book The International T-Shirt Challenge
Monkey BusinessAsk and Answer Questions For book Monkey Business
A Big League for Little PlayersMain Idea and Details For book A Big League for Little Players
Our Solar SystemCompare and Contrast For book Our Solar System
Snakebite!Main Idea and Details For book Snakebite!
Severe WeatherCause and Effect For book Severe Weather
Holidays Around the WorldAuthor's Purpose For book Holidays Around the World
A Trip to a Prehistoric CaveMain Idea and Details For book A Trip to a Prehistoric Cave
VikingsMain Idea and Details For book Vikings
The Black StonesCompare and Contrast For book The Black Stones
Don't Wake the MummyStory Elements For book Don't Wake the Mummy
Samson: A Horse StoryAnalyze Character For book Samson: A Horse Story
Meteors and MeteoritesMain Idea and Details For book Meteors and Meteorites
Tanya's Money ProblemsCause and Effect For book Tanya's Money Problem
Growing Up GreenCause and Effect For book Growing Up Green
The Lost DutchmanStory Elements For book The Lost Dutchman
Word Smith, Private IAuthor's Purpose For book Word Smith, Private I
Female Sports StarsSummarize For book Female Sports Stars
Razor and the WolvesProblem and Solution For book Razor and the Wolves
The Tuskegee AirmenProblem and Solution For book The Tuskegee Airmen
The Gossip MonsterCause and Effect For book The Gossip Monster
The Mystery of Granville LibrarySummarize For book The Mystery of Granville Library
MummiesSummarize For book Mummies
The World of NASCARCause and Effect For book The World of NASCAR
Acropolis AdventureCompare and Contrast For book Acropolis Adventure
Curiosity on MarsMain Idea and Details For book Curiosity on Mars
Ben FranklinElements of a Biography For book Ben Franklin
The Eruption of Mount ShastaProblem and Solution For book The Eruption of Mount Shasta
Seeing the Evidence: Forensic Scientists at WorkMain Idea and Details For book Seeing the Evidence: Forensic Scientists at Work
Making Big Bolstead BucksAuthor's Purpose For book Making Big Bolstead Bucks
Malik Had a HouseAnalyze Character For book Malik Had a House
High-Speed TrainsCause and Effect For book High-Speed Trains
The School Versus James HoltMake Inferences / Draw Conclusions For book The School Versus James Holt
Miltie Math-head Takes the MoundAnalyze Character For book Miltie Math-head Takes the Mound
Odysseus and the Bag of WindsAnalyze Character For book Odysseus and the Bag of Winds
Meegor and the MasterAuthor's Purpose For book Meegor and the Master
Pocahantas and JamestownAuthor's Purpose For book Pocahontas at Jamestown
The Bones of a KingReality and Fantasy For book The Bones of a King
Born on Sable IslandAnalyze Character For book Born on Sable Island