|Lesson Plans for MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS level P
Nonfiction / Informational Text
Musical Instruments introduces the reader to various types of musical instruments. Well-known Western instruments, as well as examples of instruments from around the world, are included. Children will readily recognize familiar instruments, such as the piano and violin. They will also have great fun showing off their new vocabulary to family members. For example, can anyone guess where the gusle is played?
Children should use a variety of strategies to determine word meaning and comprehend text. The targeted strategy for this lesson is: Classifying and organizing information for recall.
The table of contents and section headings should be used to help children locate information. Rereading and summarizing after each section reinforces the organization and content of the categories.
Word and Print Skills
Sight word techniques to teach words from other languages
Using commas in series
You will likely address a number of comprehension skills as children work to understand the text. The targeted comprehension strategy for this lesson is: Classification.
Read one section of the book and then ask children to look at the pictures and identify features of the instruments.
Targeted Vocabulary Words
1. strings; 2. woodwinds; 3. brass; 4. percussion; 5. keyboard
Examples for each of the above:
1. cello, violin, viola, double bass, harp; 2. flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon; 3. trumpet, horn, trombone, tuba; 4. xylophone, drums; 5. piano, organ
Instruments from around the world
mandolin, Native American flute, panpipes, bagpipes, hurdy-gurdy, lute, castanets, African drum,
Taiko drum (pronounced tie-ko), kalimba or thumb piano (pronounced ka-lim-ba), gusle (pronounced gus-le, or gus-la), koto (pronounced ko-to), shekere or beaded shaker (pronounced shek a-ray), sitar (pronounced sit-ar)
amplifier, bow, orchestra
Everybody likes music and children will know common instruments. Some will probably be taking music lessons or have family members who play instruments. Encourage children to share these experiences with their classmates. The new content of this book includes the classification of instruments into five categories of strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion, and keyboard. Instruments of the world also offer a chance to explore new vocabulary. The orchestra and various kinds of bands provide examples of how the instruments could be grouped together to produce different kinds of music.
Consult the schools music teacher for resources that highlight some of the instruments that children will read about.
Introducing the Book
Before passing out the books, show children the front and back cover of the book. Ask: What do you see on the covers? What do you think the book will tell us about musical instruments? Say: We may not know the names of the special musical instruments on the cover, but they remind us of some familiar instruments. Ask: What are some of the musical instruments that you know? Turn to the title page and ask: How does the musician use this musical instrument to make music?
Pass out the book and have children scan the book with you to learn the important features of book structure.
Tell children they will spend several days reading and the text will be divided into sections.
They will make a chart to help them remember and understand the different instruments.
Show children a familiar instrument (for example, toy drum, guitar). Ask: What is the name of this instrument? What is it made of? How do you play it? What kind of sound does it make? What type of instrument is it? Say: As you read the book, ask yourself these questions about the pictures that you see. Ask: How will the pictures in this book help us to remember what we read?
Think aloud strategy: Say: There are some new nouns in this book. First look at the new word and the picture. Close your eyes for a moment and remember the picture and the word and say the word to yourself. Open your eyes and look at both again
Comprehending the Text
Musical Instruments provides an excellent opportunity to teach the skill of classification. Use these questions and activities to reinforce what children have learned about classifications of instruments.
Expand on the Reading
Have children design and draw their own imaginary (or real) instrument. Ask them to name the instrument and write a short paragraph. They may include such information as the classification; whether it is played in a band, orchestra, or by itself; how it is played; what it is made of; or the type of sound it produces.
Social Studies Connection
Musical Instruments can be integrated into the social studies curriculum. Invite a guest to come and play an instrument that originates from a different part of the world. If the guest agrees, encourage children to ask questions about the music and how it contributes to the culture. With permission, the children might touch the instrument. Alternatively, use a tape/CD that features music produced by one of the international instruments included in the book. Encourage children to dance, sing, or clap to the music.
Have children read the book independently or with a partner. You can also encourage them to read other books of their choice at the appropriate level.
Have children choose one of the following (or discover one independently) and suggest they try to find information in an encyclopedia, dictionary, or on the Internet. Pictures of other instruments from around the world can be found at www.ashmol.ox.ac.uk/BCMIPage.html
Ocarina Latin America
Shakuhachi flute China and Japan
Friction block Papua New Guinea and Australia
Rebab North Africa and the Middle East
Psaltery (a type of dulcimer) many places around the world
Gamelan orchestra Indonesia (a collection of percussion instruments)
Send the book home to be read to or with family members. The family can watch Walt Disneys Fantasia and then discuss the music and the film.
Review the worksheets and written assignments for accuracy of facts, use of commas in series, and new vocabulary.