About the Book
Text Type: Fiction/Realistic
Page Count: 10
Word Count: 110
Time for Bed tells a story with which all young readers will be familiar--getting ready for bed. The little boy's bedtime routine is presented in a simple, repetitive text pattern. The picture-to-text correspondence supports the story.
About the Lesson
Targeted Reading Strategy
- Make, revise, and confirm predictions
- Make, revise, and confirm predictions based on available text information
- Identify sequence of events
- Segment onset and rime
- Read words with final digraph -sh
- Identify and use pronouns
- Place words in alphabetical order
- Book -- Time for Bed (copy for each student)
- Chalkboard or dry erase board
- Sequence events, alphabetical order worksheets
- Word journal (optional)
Indicates an opportunity for student to mark in the book. (All activities may be completed with paper and pencil if books are reusable.)
- High-frequency words: for, ready
- Content words: clothes, washes, hands, face, brushes, teeth, drinks, glass, water, pajamas, story
- Have students tell the things they do to get ready for bed at night. Make a list on the board.
- Ask students to share any special things they like to do at bedtime.
Introduce the Book
- Show students the front and back covers of the book and read the title with them. Ask what they might read about in a book called Time for Bed. (Accept any answers students can justify.)
- Show students the title page. Discuss the information on the page (title of book, author's name, illustrator's name).
Introduce the Reading Strategy: Make, revise, and confirm predictions
- Explain that good readers make predictions, or guesses, about what will happen in a story. Explain that making predictions can help people to make decisions, solve problems, and learn new information. Emphasize that knowing how to make predictions is more important than whether the prediction is right, or confirmed.
- Model using the cover pictures of the book to make a prediction.
Think-aloud: I know that readers look at the cover of a book to make predictions about the book. Looking at the front cover, I see a boy putting on clothes. Since the title of the book is Time for Bed, the clothes might be his pajamas. It seems as though the boy might be getting ready for bed. However, the picture on the back cover shows toys. I wonder if the boy in the story won't go to bed because he wants to play with his toys. Making predictions about this book gives me a purpose for reading it because I want to find out if my prediction is right.
- Have students use the pictures on the covers and title page to make a prediction before reading the book. Invite them to share their prediction.
- As students read, encourage them to use other reading strategies in addition to the targeted strategy presented in this section. For tips on additional reading strategies, click here.
Introduce the Vocabulary
- As you preview the book, reinforce any difficult words or language patterns. For example, on page 4, say: What do you think Ben is going to do? Do you think he might be going to his room to get ready for bed?
- Model how to work out unfamiliar words. For example, point to the word ready on page 4 and model how to say the word.
- Think-aloud: I know the word starts with /r/. I know that the y at the end of a word often has the long /e/ sound. I know that ea together sometimes stands for the long /e/ sound, so I will try that first: reedy. Hmm, that doesn't sound right, so I'll try the short /e/ sound. I know that sometimes the ea stands for the short /e/ sound, too. I'll try that: ready. Now I'll read the whole sentence and see if the word makes sense.
- Encourage students to add the new vocabulary words to their word journals.
- For additional tips on teaching high-frequency words or word-attack strategies, click here.
Set the Purpose
- Have students read to find out what happens in the book. Remind them to make, revise, and/or confirm predictions about the book as they read.
- Guide the reading: Give students their copy of the book. Have a volunteer point to the first word on page 3. Read the word together (Ben). Point out where to begin reading on each page. Remind students to read words from left to right. Point to each word as you read it aloud while students follow along in their own book.
- Ask students to place a finger on the page number in the bottom corner of the page. Have them read to the end of page 5, using their finger to point to each word as they read. Encourage students who finish before others to reread the text.
- Model revising a prediction.
Think-aloud: I predicted that the boy, Ben, would not go to bed because he wanted to play with his toys. On page 3, I read that Ben likes to play with his toys. However, as I continued to read, it seems as though Ben is following his routine for bedtime. I wonder what Ben will do next. Since he is washing his hands and face, he might also brush his teeth.
- Ask students if they can confirm their prediction based on the words they read and the pictures. Have them revise their prediction or make a new prediction.
- Have students read the remainder of the book. Encourage them to continue to make, revise, and/or confirm predictions as they read the rest of the story.
Have students make a small question mark in their book beside any word they do not understand or cannot pronounce. These can be addressed in the discussion that follows.
Reflect on the Reading Strategy
- Ask students what words, if any, they marked in their book. Use this opportunity to model how they can read these words using decoding strategies and context clues.
- Invite students to discuss whether their predictions turned out to be true or whether they needed to be revised. Reinforce that making predictions about what they are reading helps them get meaning from the book and gives them a purpose for reading.
- Think-aloud: I predicted that the boy would brush his teeth while getting ready for bed. This prediction was correct. He also got a drink of water and put on his pajamas.
- Discuss additional strategies students used to gain meaning from the book.
Teach the Comprehension Skill: Sequence events
- Discussion: Have students compare what Ben does to get ready for bed with what they do. Ask them how they think Ben feels when his dad reads him a story.
- Introduce and model the skill: Tell students that a story is a series of events that happen in a particular order. First one thing happens, then something else, and so on. Explain to students that the order in which the events happen is called the sequence. Point out to them the sequence in this story.
- Think-aloud: This story told what the boy did at bedtime. First, he takes off his clothes. Next, he washes his hands and face. I don't include all the details of the story, as I would in a retelling. I only tell the most important events in order to tell the story correctly.
- Check for understanding: Have students share the sequence of events through the end of the story. If necessary, use the pictures in the book as a guide.
- Independent practice: Introduce, explain, and have students complete the sequence events worksheet. If time allows, discuss their answers.
Instruct students to use the last page of the book to draw a picture of themselves doing something they do each night before going to bed. Ask students to share their picture with the group.
Phonological Awareness: Segment onset and rime
- Say the word bed and tell students they can say the word and separate it into its beginning part and ending part: bed; b-ed. Repeat the word and have students segment it into its parts.
- Say the following words to students: Ben, hand, face, teeth, drink, brush. Pause after saying each word so that students can segment each word into its beginning and ending sounds.
Phonics: Final digraph -sh
- Write the word brush on the board and read it aloud with students. Ask students what sound they hear at the end of the word brush. Tell them that the sounds of the letters s and h together stand for the /sh/ sound they hear at the end of the word brush. Repeat with the word wash.
- Write the following words on the board, leaving off the sh letter combination: fish, hush, dash, rush, dish, sash. Say each word one at a time. Have volunteers come to the board and write the sh letter combination at the end of the words. Then have students read the words aloud as you run your finger under the letters in each word.
Grammar and Mechanics: Pronouns
- Review with students that a noun is a person, place, or thing. Have them share examples of nouns.
- Have students turn to page 5 in their book. Read the first sentence aloud with them. Ask students to identify the subject in the sentence (Ben).
- Read the second sentence on page 5 aloud with students. Write the word He on the board. Ask students to explain to whom the word refers (Ben).
- Write the following sentences on the board: Mom read me a story. She reads every night. Point to each word as you read the sentences aloud to students. Circle the word She. Ask students to explain to whom the word refers (Mom).
Word Work: Alphabetical order
- Write the words face and hands on the board. Underline the first letter in each word. Ask students what letter comes first in the alphabet: f or h.
- Review or explain that words are sometimes placed in a list by ABC, or alphabetical, order. Words are placed in alphabetical order by looking first at the initial letter in each word and deciding which letter comes first in the alphabet. Explain that face would come first in an alphabetical list.
- List the following content vocabulary words out of order on the board: clothes, hands, face, teeth. Have students write the words in alphabetical order on a separate piece of paper. When they have finished, discuss their answers.
- Independent practice: Introduce, explain, and have students complete the alphabetical order worksheet. If time allows, discuss their answers.
- Allow students to read their book independently. Additionally, partners can take turns reading parts of the book to each other.
- Give students their book to take home to read with parents, caregivers, siblings, or friends.
Extend the Reading
Writing and Art Connection
Ask students to write about their routine at bedtime. Have them write and illustrate each step on a separate piece of paper. Combine the pages into their own book titled Good Night.
Identify with students the healthy habits mentioned in the book, such as washing their hands and brushing their teeth. Discuss the importance of these habits for staying healthy. Have each student create a poster about a healthy habit.
Monitor students to determine if they can:
- consistently make, revise, and confirm predictions while reading
- correctly sequence events of a story during discussion and on a worksheet
- correctly segment words into onset and rime
- read words that end with digraph -sh
- correctly identify and use pronouns during discussion and on a worksheet
- accurately place words in alphabetical order during discussion and on a worksheet
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