Benchmark Passages & Running Records
Find students' instructional levels by assessing their reading skills with developmentally appropriate texts while recording reading behavior. Benchmark Passages are short text selections that are one part of a three-part process to help place students at their instructional levels for leveled reading sessions and to assess their readiness to progress to the next level.
Digital Running Records on Raz-PlusWith our Online Running Record tool, Raz-Plus or Raz-Kids members can:
- Assign and listen to recordings of Benchmark Passages and Books.
- Score recordings using an online running record tool.
Why Benchmark Passages
Benchmark Passages assess comprehension and reward students' progress from level to level. They are one part of a three-part process that provides a more complete assessment of reading behavior and comprehension than any of the parts independently.
- Each level has 2 fiction and 2 nonfiction passages.
- Each level has at least 1 fiction-nonfiction passage pair on the same topic.
- Each passage uses a level-appropriate percentage of words from leveled books at that reading level.
- aa-E = 100%
- F-J = 95% + 5% new words
- K-Z = 90% + 10% new words
- The text of the entire passage is used in the Running Record.
- Most are one page long, but upper level passages can be two pages.
- ALL are available on Raz-Plus.
How to Use Benchmark Passages
- Give a student a Benchmark Passage he or she has never seen before to read aloud. If you prefer to use familiar text, use the fiction-nonfiction topic pair at each level. Use one passage from the pair to support a student's understanding of the topic before assessing with the other passage.
- Record the student's reading behavior using the passage's Running Record form.
- If a student scores 90 percent, assess the student's comprehension using a Quick Check from Level A-Z and Retelling Rubrics.
- If a student scores from 90%-94% percent on the running record and answers comprehension questions at 80%-100%, he or she is at an instructional level. (For more details, see About Running Records).
- Use Benchmark WOWzers to reward students' progress from level to level.
|Ages||4 - 6|
|Fountas & Pinnell||C|
Features and Chart
- 2–8 words per sentence; 5.5 words average
- 1–2 lines per page; no return sweep
- 50–80 words total
- Complete sentences
- Simple prepositional phrase and introductory clauses
- Repetition of high-frequency words
- Repetitive pattern with one to three word changes per page
- Pattern may vary on first and last pages
- Predictable language
- Dialogue introduced
- One-to-one text-to-picture correspondence
- Familiar topics
- Consistent text placement
- 10 pages